The work Hylozoic Ground by Canadian architect and artist Philip Beesley provided van Herpen with the inspiration for the Hybrid Holism collection. The title was derived from the term “hylozoism,” which refers to the belief that all matter around us is alive. Beesley’s responsive installations suggest that a future city could operate as a living being; “we are working with subtle materials, electricity and chemistry, weaving together interactions that at first create an architecture that simulates life but increasingly these interactions are starting to act like life”. His environments breathe, shift and move in relationship to people walking through it, touching it, and sensing it. Microprocessors invest that environment with a primitive or insect-like intelligence like a coral reef or a great swarm. Beesley collaborates with people from many different disciplines, including Rachel Armstrong, an experimental chemist who works with synthetic biology.